FAQs - Eye Diseases, Vision Care, Eye Exams, Contact Lens, Eye Wear
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Frequently Asked Questions About Eye and Vision Care


General Eye & Vision Care Questions

Optometrist study a four-year degree program in science followed by four years of post-graduate studies in optometry, as well as complete a mandatory clinical rotation in eye care before being deemed to have gained the knowledge and skills to become a registered optometrist.

This gives eye doctors the ability to assess vision, eye and general health problems. This also gives them the ability to prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses to correct refractive errors.


Contact lens prescriptions include the Optometrist’s recommendation for brand, materials, size and curvature to achieve your best possible vision. Contact lenses fit directly on the eye versus glasses that sit further away from the eye (also known as the vertex distance).

In most cases your eye glasses prescription should be vaild for two years but your optometrist may recommend you get it updated sooner for medical reasons. In any event, your optometrist generally recommends to visit the eye doctor every year for an eye exam to update your prescription because of changes to your vision and to closely monitor and manage your health.

In some cases your prescription may expire after a year if your optometrist has a medical reason for it.

Eye Exam

A comprehensive eye exam performed by an optometrist examines your entire eye health and visual system, as well as your prescription. It is an important part of preventative health care: think of an eye exam as a physical for your eyes.

Eye exams can detect eye diseases and disorders such as glaucoma, cataracts, retinal detachment, and macular degeneration. It can also detect other health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure and brain tumors.

An eye exam includes:

•An entire case history; including past and present vision and medical issues, as well as a detailed family history.
•An analysis of the patient’s visual needs at home, work, school and play
•Measurement of the visual acuity (sharpness of vision) of each eye
•Binocular vision assessment: determining how well the eyes work together
•Diagnosis of the refractive status of the eye (focusing power of the eye)
•Eye health check: assessment of the internal and external health of the eye with specially designed instruments to uncover anything from a minor lid inflammation to a major retinal disease, or even a serious condition elsewhere in the body.
•A neurological assessment of the visual system, including a review of the pupil reactions, eye muscle movement, and an assessment of the peripheral vision.

All of these tests are used in the final analysis to determine the appropriate prescription lenses to treat refractive and visual problems, to develop a program of eye training exercises, or to recommend medical or surgical treatment.

Recommendations for future eye care can be made based on the history of eye health and the results of the examination. The final analysis of the eye exam includes an optometrist’s professional knowledge, training, experience and judgment.

Most people believe eye exam is only necessary if you wear glasses – that’s a common misconception. Many serious eye conditions don’t have obvious symptoms; some eye diseases only show symptoms when the condition is advanced, difficult, or even impossible to treat.

A comprehensive eye exam provides the full assurance of vision and eye health. A store sight test, school vision screening, or reading an eye chart at the ministry of transportation does nothing to determine if your eyes are healthy. Having routine eye exams by an optometrist ensures good vision, eye health and peace of mind.

The AOA – American Optometric Association recommends having your children’s eyes tested at 6 months, 3 years, then annually once they reach the age of 6. Frequency of eye examinations may change depending on high-risk factors such as premature birth, low birth weight, family history.

Contact Lenses

Contact lens prescriptions include the Optometrist’s recommendation for brand, materials, size and curvature to achieve your best possible vision. Contact lenses fit directly on the eye versus glasses that sit further away from the eye (also known as the vertex distance).

Contact lenses are classified as a medical device by the FDA and thus are regulated differently than glasses. All medical devices provide benefits while posing certain risks, these risks are minimized if your optometrist dispenses your contact lenses based on your contact lens prescription.

Improperly fitting contact lenses may cause blurred vision, eye strain, eye pain, headaches or redness and swelling of the eye that can range from mild to severe.

The most serious complications include infection and corneal ulcer, which can develop quickly and can lead to irreversible vision loss if not treated appropriately.

Contact lenses are medical devices as defined by the FDA/Health American. As with all medical devices there are several risks involved in using them, which are decreased when dispensed by a licensed Optometrist.

Ill-fitting contact lenses can cause redness, swelling, blurred vision, eyestrain and headaches. More serious complications can include infection and ulcers of the cornea (front surface of the eye).

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  Address : 14866 Old St. Augustine Rd. Jacksonville, FL 32258

  Phone : (904) 379-5450

Locally owned and operated by optometrists in Jacksonville, Florida; we seek to provide our community with professional eye care for all ages.