What is Glaucoma? - Trillium Eye Care
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What is Glaucoma?

September 22nd, 2017

We promised to bring you more information about age-related eye conditions and we’re sticking to it!
In case you’re joining us now, September is National Healthy Aging Month! If you want to catch up you can read about Dry Eye Syndrome and Diabetic Eye Diseases, by clicking each one and click to find out more.


Keep reading to find out more about Glaucoma!

While anyone can develop glaucoma, those over 60 are at a higher risk. Additionally, if you have a family history of glaucoma, chances of developing it becomes more prominent.


Certain cultural groups also have increased chances of developing this eye condition like African Americans.



Glaucoma belongs to a group of eye diseases that affect the optic nerve. Glaucoma is present when there is an increase in fluid pressure in the eye. This leads to straining the veins of the eye and eventually damages the optic nerve. In severe cases, vision loss or even blindness may ensue!


How does eye pressure increase?

Our eyes produce fluid continuously out of an area called the anterior chamber to nourish themselves. A slower fluid flows out of this chamber causes a build-up leading to increased pressure.


Here’s what you need to know:

Increased eye pressure doesn’t always indicate a diagnosis of glaucoma

The amount of pressure of the eyes and optic nerve can handle is specific to you! This means undergoing a complete eye exam with an optometrist determines the baseline pressure vital in diagnosing and treating Glaucoma. Everyone’s eyes are different; one size does not fit all!


Glaucoma can be present even if eye pressure is not elevated

This type of Glaucoma is not common but can happen if you don’t monitor your optic nerve with annual comprehensive eye exams.


How Glaucoma is Treated:

  • Medication: Generally, medicated eye drops or pills are prescribed to help lower eye pressure plus close monitoring of your eyes’ condition.
  • Surgery: Laser treatment is an option to reduce pressure following medication. It allows some amount of fluid to drain from the eyes. However, medications are still required after a surgical procedure.


Conventional surgery is a final option when both medication and laser treatment have not resolved the issue. A new opening is created for the fluid to drain and you must take medications for weeks to help prevent infection.


What You Can Do to Control Glaucoma:

1. Complete Annual Comprehensive Eye Exams

Having a complete a comprehensive eye exam from a certified eye doctor to monitor your ocular pressure and health of your optic nerve is crucial for spotting the signs of Glaucoma.


2. Know Your Family History

It is best to inform your optometrist about your family history of Glaucoma. This makes up for keeping you up to date with your condition. The best possible treatment options can only be provided if enough information is shared with your eye doctor.


3. Exercise Regularly

Exercising on a consistent basis keeps your entire body healthy and is believed to help lower eye pressure, which in turn, reduces your risk of developing this eye disease.


4. Take Prescribed Eye Drops

Maintaining your existing ocular pressure can be done by taking medicated eye drops to keep your the pressure from increasing.


5. Wear Eye Protection

Glaucoma can actually be caused by an eye injury! When indulging in activities such as sports, home renovations, or any kind of work that could challenge your eyes, wear an appropriate eye protection to anticipate any untoward incident.


If you feel you have a family history of Glaucoma, wish to discuss your eye health or whatever you should do to have a better vision, click here to book an appointment with our Doctor of Optometry today!


We have a Jacksonville Optometrist who provides full comprehensive eye exams to Jacksonville as well as St. John’s, St. Augustine, Nocatee, and Fruit Cove residents! We offer online appointment booking available at your convenience 24 hours a day, 7 days a week!


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